Hat badge of State Militia Units, Reign of Alexander III,
Type 2, 1890- 1895.
Stamped brass, relief reverse construction; 42.2 mm tall x
41.8 mm wide. Features cypher of Emperor Alexander III and
motto "For Faith, Tsar and Fatherland!"
Very fine to excellent condition. There is only moderate
wear to the center medallion, but details of the cypher are
still well-preserved. The lettering on the arms in
practically perfect. There is no excessive oxidation; the
toning to the brass is even and attractive. Three of the
four original attachment loops on the back are still present
and completely sound.
The first badges of militia units date back to the Patriotic
War of 1812 when Russian militia was instrumental in
reducing the retreating Napoleon's invasion army to shreds.
Badges of Alexander III period were initially very similar
to the original 1812 design, but in 1890 the word
"Fatherland" was added to the motto. At the same time, the
badge received wire attachments instead of the hooks used on
the earlier models.
/Patrikeev and Boinovich, "Badges of Russia, Vol. 2",
page 485, fig. 11.11/
Please note, penny in our photo is for size reference.